CRAB LANE COMMUNITY PRIMARY SCHOOL
SAFEGUARDING POLICY FOR SCHOOLS AND SETTINGS
For Community, voluntary controlled, community special and maintained nursery schools.
To be formally adopted by North Manchester Primary Federation (Crab Lane and Crumpsall Lane Schools) at the Full Governing Body Meeting on 30th March, 2017.
Previously adopted by the Governing Bodies of the Individual Schools.
MANCHESTER CHILDREN’S SERVICES
SAFEGUARDING POLICY FOR SCHOOLS & SETTINGS
Updated January 2017
1.1 This policy has been developed to ensure that all adults in North Manchester Primary Federation are working together to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and young people. This policy has been ratified by the Governing Body at its meeting on 30th March, 2017. See appendix C for a summary of a ‘good’ safeguarding school.
1.2 This policy describes the management systems and arrangements in place to create and maintain a safe learning environment for all our children, young people and staff. It identifies actions that should be taken to redress any concerns about child safety and welfare including protecting pupils and staff from extremist views, vocal or active, which are opposed to fundamental British values. All opinions or behaviours which are contrary to these fundamental values and the ethos of the school will be vigorously challenged.
1.3 This policy describes the management systems and arrangements in place to create and maintain a safe learning environment for all our children, young people and staff. It identifies actions that should be taken to redress any concerns about child welfare.
1.4 The Executive Headteacher (Pat Adams) and Associate Headteacher (Phil Hughes) or, in their absence, the authorised member of senior staff (Malcolm Jones at Crab Lane or Jo Fairclough at Crumpsall Lane - Head of school), has the ultimate responsibility for safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children and young people.
1.5 Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children and young people goes beyond implementing basic child protection procedures. It is an integral part of all activities and functions of North Manchester Primary Federation. This policy complements and supports other relevant school and Local Safeguarding Board policies (Appendix A).
1.6 Under the Education Act 2002 schools/settings have a duty to safeguard and promote the welfare of their pupils and, in accordance with guidance set out in ‘Working Together to Safeguard Children 2015’ and ‘Keeping Children Safe in Education 2016,’ North Manchester Primary Federation will work in partnership with other organisations where appropriate to identify any concerns about child welfare and take action to address them.
1.7 Children that are lesbian, bisexual, gay or trans does not constitute a safeguarding risk and the information should be treated as confidential.
2.1 North Manchester Primary Federation aims to create and maintain a safe learning environment where all children and adults feel safe, secure and valued and know they will be listened to and taken seriously. Our school is committed to the principles outlined in ‘Working Together to Safeguard Children 2015’ and ‘Keeping Children Safe in Education 2016, and implements policies, practices and procedures which promote safeguarding and the emotional and physical well being of children, young people and staff.
2.2 The school is committed to supporting the delivery of effective early help using The Multi-Agency Levels of Need and Response Framework. The children have access to appropriate curriculum opportunities, including emotional health and well being, to support the development of the skills needed to help them stay safe and healthy, develop their self-esteem and understand the responsibilities of adult life, particularly in regard to child care and parenting skills.
2.3 Access to cross-curricular activities will provide opportunities to develop self-esteem and self-motivation and to help pupils respect the rights of other individuals and potentially vulnerable groups.
2.4 North Manchester Primary Federation will exercise diligence and prevent any organisation or speaker from using the schools facilities to disseminate extremist views or radicalise pupils and staff.
3. The Curriculum
3.1 All children have access to an appropriate curriculum, differentiated to meet their needs. This enables them to learn to develop the necessary skills to build self-esteem, respect others, defend those in need, resolve conflict without resorting to violence, question and challenge and to make informed choices in later life.
3.2 Children and young people are encouraged to express and discuss their ideas, thoughts and feelings through a variety of activities and have access to a range of cultural opportunities which promote the fundamental British values of tolerance, respect and empathy for others. There is access to a range of extra curricular activities, information and materials from a diversity of sources which not only promotes these values but supports the social, spiritual, moral well-being and physical and mental health of the pupils.
3.3 Personal Health and Social Education, Growing and Changing, Citizenship and Religious Knowledge lessons will provide opportunities for children and young people to discuss and debate a range of subjects including lifestyles, forced marriage, family patterns, religious beliefs and practices and human rights issues.
3.4 North Manchester Primary Federation takes account of the latest advice and guidance provided to help address specific vulnerabilities and forms of exploitation eg: CSE, Radicalisation and Extremism, Forced Marriage.
3.5 All pupils will know that there are adults in the school whom they can approach in confidence if they are in difficulty or feeling worried and that their concerns will be taken seriously and treated with respect.
4. Attendance and Exclusions
4.1 North Manchester Primary Federation views attendance as a safeguarding issue and in accordance with the school’s Attendance Policy, absences are rigorously pursued and recorded. The school/setting, in partnership with the appropriate agencies, takes action to pursue and address all unauthorised absences in order to safeguard the welfare of children and young people in its care.
4.2 The Attendance Policy identifies how individual cases are managed and how we work proactively with parents/carers to ensure that they understand why attendance is important. In certain cases this may form part of an Early Help Assessment (EHA) or a Parenting Contract.
4.3 We implement the statutory requirements in terms of monitoring and reporting children missing education (CME) and off-rolling and understand how important this practice is in safeguarding children and young people.
4.4 The school will only place young people in alternative educational provision which is a registered provider and has been quality assured. Young people who require access to alternative provision will have a personalised learning plan designed to meet their needs. Their attendance will be monitored by North Manchester Primary Federation in accordance with the School Register Regulations.
4.5 The designated person will be informed when a fixed term or permanent exclusion is being discussed and any safeguarding issues will be considered. Where it is felt that a child or young person is likely to be permanently excluded a multi-agency assessment will be instigated to ensure that there is improved understanding of the needs of the young person and their family and that the key agencies are involved.
5. Keeping Records
5.1 North Manchester Primary Federation will keep and maintain up to date information on children on the school roll including where and with whom the child is living, attainment, attendance, referrals to and support from other agencies. The school record will also include a chronology of any other significant event in a child’s life.
6. Roles and Responsibilities
6.1 The Executive Headteacher and Associate Headteacher of North Manchester Primary Federation will ensure that:
● The policies and procedures adopted by the Governing Body to safeguard and promote the welfare of pupils are fully implemented and followed by all staff including volunteers.
● Safe recruitment and selection of staff and volunteers is practiced.
● A Designated Senior Member of staff for child protection is identified (Ms Pat Adams and Mr Philip Hughes) and receives appropriate on-going training, support and supervision.
● Sufficient time and resources are made available to enable the designated member of staff to discharge their responsibilities, including attending inter-agency meetings, contributing to the assessment of children and young people, supporting colleagues and delivering training as appropriate.
● All staff and volunteers receive appropriate training which is regularly updated.
● All temporary staff and volunteers are made aware of the school’s safeguarding policy and arrangements.
● All staff and volunteers feel safe about raising concerns about poor or unsafe practice in regard to the safeguarding and welfare of the children and young people and such concerns will be addressed sensitively and effectively.
● Parents/carers are aware of and have an understanding of the school’s responsibilities to promote the safety and welfare of its pupils by making its obligations clear in the school/setting prospectus.
● Ensure that the Safeguarding and Child Protection policy is available on the school’s web-site.
● Ensure that the school co-operates with appropriate agencies and risk based approaches to ensure young people are safeguarded against any potential grooming activities which may attempt to draw them into harmful activities eg CSE and radicalization and extremism.
6.2 The Governing Body of the school will ensure that:
● A member of the Governing Body is identified as the designated governor for Safeguarding and receives appropriate training. The identified governor will provide the governing body with appropriate information about safeguarding and will liaise with the designated member of staff.
● A senior member of the school’s leadership team is designated to take lead responsibility for safeguarding within the school.
● The school’s safeguarding policy is regularly reviewed annually and updated and the school complies with local safeguarding procedures.
● The school operates safe recruitment and selection practices including appropriate use of references and checks on new staff and volunteers.
● Procedures are in place for dealing with allegations of abuse against members of staff and volunteers and these are in line with Local Authority procedures.
● All staff and volunteers who have regular contact with children and young people receive appropriate training and information about the school’s safeguarding processes as part of induction.
● Ensure that the school co-operates with appropriate agencies and risk based approaches to ensure young people are safeguarded against any potential grooming activities which may attempt to draw them into harmful activities eg CSE and radicalization and extremism.
6.3 The Designated Senior Member of Staff for Child Protection has a specific responsibility for championing the importance of safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children and young people registered in the school. The Designated Person will:
● Act as the first point of contact with regards to all safeguarding matters.
● Attend up-dated training every two years.
● Provide relevant information to the LA on how the school carries out its safeguarding duties.
● Provide support and training for staff and volunteers
● Ensure that the schools actions are in line with the MCSB Safeguarding Inter-Agency Procedures. (Guidance on these procedures may be found on MSCB website at manchesterscb.org.uk)
● Support staff to make effective referrals to the Children and Families Services and any other agencies where there are concerns about the welfare of a child.
● Keep copies of all referrals to Children and Families Services and any other agencies related to safeguarding children.
● Ensure that all staff and volunteers receive information on safeguarding policies and procedures from the point of induction.
● Ensure that any staff with specific responsibility for safeguarding children receive the appropriate training to undertake this role.
● Manage and keep secure the school’s safeguarding records.
● Ensure that all staff and volunteers understand and are aware of the school’s reporting and recording procedures and are clear about what to do if they have a concern about a child.
● Liaise with the Headteacher about any safeguarding issues.
● Ensure that the Safeguarding Policy is regularly reviewed and up-dated.
● Keep up to date with changes in local policy and procedures and are aware of any guidance issued by the DfE concerning Safeguarding.
● Send a pupil’s child protection or safeguarding file separately from the main file to a new establishment if a pupil leaves the school. Keep a copy of the file.
● Ensure staff are compliant with the EYFS Statutory Guidelines for acceptable use of cameras and mobile phones. (See Appendix D)
7. Safe Recruitment and Selection of Staff
7.1 The school’s recruitment and selection policies and processes adhere to the DfE guidance “Keeping Children Safe in Education” July 2015.
7.2 The Headteacher and governing body will ensure that all external staff and volunteers using the school site will have been vetted and checked (will not apply for all schools and settings).
8. Working With Other Agencies
8.1 North Manchester Primary Federation has developed effective links with other relevant agencies and co-operates as required with any enquiries regarding child protection issues. The school will notify social care if:
● A child subject to a child protection plan is about to be permanently excluded.
● There is an unexplained absence of a pupil who is subject to a child protection of more than two days from school.
● It has been agreed as part of any child protection plan or core group plan.
9. Confidentiality and Information Sharing
9.1 Staff ensure that confidentiality protocols are followed and information is shared appropriately. The Headteacher or Designated Member of Staff discloses any information about a pupil to other members of staff on a need to know basis only.
9.2 All staff and volunteers must understand that they have a professional responsibility to share information with other agencies in order to safeguard children. All staff and volunteers must be clear with children that they cannot promise to keep secrets.
9.3 Disclosing someone’s sexual identity, whether they are staff or pupils, without their consent is a breach of confidentiality. This includes disclosures to a pupil’s parents or carers.
10. Training For Staff and Volunteers
10.1 In accordance with “Keeping children safe in education - September 2016” all staff will receive training at induction.
10.2 All staff should receive appropriate child protection training which includes basic safeguarding information about the school’s policies and procedures, signs and symptoms of abuse (emotional and physical), indicators of vulnerability to radicalisation, how to manage a disclosure from a child as well as when and how to record a concern about the welfare of a child.
10.3 The Designated Safeguarding Leads (DSLs) will receive refresher training every year. All staff will receive appropriate child protection training which is regularly updated annually.
10.4 All staff will receive training or briefings on particular safeguarding issues, for example, Guns and Gangs, Forced Marriage, Female Genital Mutilation, Domestic Abuse and Child Sexual Exploitation, E-Safety, Preventing Violent Extremism and homophobic, transphobic and bi-phobic bullying.
11. Recording and Reporting Concerns
Staff members should be aware of the main categories of maltreatment: physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse and neglect. They should also be aware of the indicators of maltreatment and specific safeguarding issues so that they are able to identify cases of children who may be in need of help or protection. (See Appendix B for definitions, signs and symptoms of the kinds of abuse and neglect)
11.1 All staff, volunteers and visitors have a responsibility to report any concerns about the welfare and safety of a child and all such concerns must be taken seriously. If a concern arises all staff, volunteers and visitors must:
● Speak to the Designated Person or the person who acts in their absence
● Agree with this person what action should be taken, by whom and when it will be reviewed
● Record the concern using the school’s safeguarding recording system. North Manchester Primary Federation uses an identified single location called CPOMs to log concerns. All members of the Safeguarding Team are alerted that a concern has been raised.
● All verbal conversations should be promptly recorded on CPOMs.
11.2 Children with special educational needs and disabilities:
Additional barriers can exist when recognising abuse and neglect in this group of children. This can include:
● Assumptions that indicators of possible abuse such as behaviour, mood and injury relate to the child’s impairment without further exploration;
● Assumptions that children with SEN and disabilities can be disproportionally impacted by things like bullying- without outwardly showing any signs;
● Communication barriers and difficulties
● Reluctance to challenge carers , (professionals may over empathise with carers because of the perceived stress of caring for a disabled child)
● Disabled children often rely on a wide network of carers to meet their basic needs and therefore the potential risk of exposure to abusive behaviour can be increased.
● A disabled child’s understanding of abuse.
● Lack of choice/participation
11.3 Peer on peer abuse
Education settings are an important part of the inter-agency framework not only in terms of evaluating and referring concerns to Children’s Services and the Police, but also in the assessment and management of risk that the child or young person may pose to themselves and others in the education setting.
If one child or young person causes harm to another, this should not necessarily be dealt with as abuse. When considering whether behaviour is abusive, it is important to consider:
● Whether there is a large difference in power (for example age, size, ability, development) between the young people concerned; or
● Whether the perpetrator has repeatedly tried to harm one or more other children; or
● Whether there are concerns about the intention of the alleged perpetrator.
Peer on peer abuse can manifest itself in many ways and different gender issues can be prevalent. Severe harm may be caused to children by abusive and bullying behaviour of other children, which may be physical, sexual or emotional and can include gender based violence/sexual assaults, sexting, teenage relationship abuse, peer-on-peer exploitation, serious youth violence, sexual bullying or harmful sexual behaviour.
12. Informing Parents/Carers
a) Our approach to working with parents/carers is one of transparency and honesty and our responsibility is to safeguard and promote the welfare of all the children in our care. We aim to do this in partnership with our parents/carers. In most cases parents and carers will be informed when concerns are raised about the safety and welfare of their child. Parents and carers should be given the opportunity to address any concerns raised.
b) Parents and carers will be informed if a referral is to be made to the Children’s Social Care Service or any other agency.
c) Parents/carers will not be informed if it is believed that by doing so would put the child at risk. In such cases the Designated Person, Executive or Associate Headteacher will seek advice from Children’s Social Care.
13. Domestic Abuse
13.1 The school is aware that children and young people’s development, as well as their social and emotional resilience, is affected by many factors including exposure to domestic abuse or honour based violence (HBV) within the family situation and is a safeguarding issue.
13.2 Children and young people react to domestic abuse in similar ways to other types of abuse and trauma.
13.3. Information about Domestic Abuse and its effect upon children and young people will be incorporated into staff Safeguarding and Child Protection training and briefings and the school’s Safeguarding and Child Protection’s Policies and Procedures will be used to protect children and young people exposed to, and at risk from, domestic abuse.
13.4 Any child or young person thought to be at immediate risk will be reported without delay to the police service as a 999 emergency and the Manchester Children’s Service Contact Centre will be contacted as soon as possible.
14. Forced Marriage
14.1 Forced Marriage became a criminal offence in June 2014. It is a form of child, adult and domestic abuse and, in line with statutory guidance, is treated as such by this school. The school is sensitive to differing family patterns and lifestyles and child-rearing patterns that vary across different racial, ethnic and cultural groups. Child abuse cannot be condoned for religious or cultural reasons.
14.2 Information about Forced Marriage will be incorporated into staff Safeguarding and Child Protection training and briefings and the school’s Safeguarding and Child Protection Policies will be used to protect a victim or potential victim of forced marriage.
14.3 If a case of forced marriage is suspected, parents and carers will not be approached or involved about a referral to any other agencies.
15. Female Genital Mutilation
15.1 Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is illegal in the United Kingdom and is a violation of human rights of girls and women. Information on FGM will be incorporated into staff Safeguarding and Child Protection training and briefings.
15.2 The Serious Crime Act 2015 strengthened further the legislation on FGM and now includes a new statutory duty placed on professionals (including teachers) to notify the police when they discover that FGM appears to have been carried out on a girl under 18.
16. Preventing Radicalisation and Violent Extremism
16.1 North Manchester Primary Federation values the fundamental rights of freedom of speech, expression of beliefs and ideology and tolerance of others which are the core values of our democratic society. However, all rights come with responsibilities and free speech or beliefs designed to manipulate the vulnerable or which advocate harm or hatred towards others will not be tolerated. North Manchester Primary Federation seeks to protect its students and staff from all messages and forms of violent extremism and ideologies including those linked to, but not restricted, to the following: Far Right/Neo Nazi, White Supremacist ideology, Islamist ideology, Irish Nationalist and Loyalist paramilitary groups and extremist Animal Rights groups.
16.2 North Manchester Primary Federation is clear that exploitation and radicalisation will be viewed as a safeguarding concern and will be referred to the appropriate safeguarding agencies.
17.1 North Manchester Primary Federation has an E-Safety Policy which recognises that E-safety is a safeguarding issue not an ICT issue. The purpose of internet use in school is to help raise educational standards, promote pupil achievement, and support the professional work of staff as well as enhance the school’s management information and business administration.
17.2 The internet is an essential element in 21st century life for education, business and social interaction and North Manchester Primary Federation has a duty to provide children and young people with quality access as part of their learning experience.
17.3 It is the duty of North Manchester Primary Federation to ensure that every child and young person is in its care is safe and this applies equally to the ‘virtual’ or digital world.
17.4 North Manchester Primary Federation recognises that the production and distribution of sexting images involving anyone under the age of 18 is illegal and needs very careful management for all those involved. This will be reported to the DSL and the device confiscated. If relevant, report to Children’s Services and the police. If further advice is needed, contact Professional Online Safety Helpline. (0844 381 4772)
17.5. North Manchester Primary Federation will ensure that appropriate filtering methods are in place to ensure that pupils are safe from all types of inappropriate and unacceptable materials, including terrorist and extremist material.
18. Child Protection Conferences and Core Group Meetings
18.1 Members of staff are likely to be asked to attend a child protection conference or other relevant core group meetings about an individual pupil and will need to have as much relevant updated information about the child as possible. A child protection conference will be held if it is considered that the child/children are suffering or at risk of significant harm.
18.2 All reports for a child protection conference should be prepared in advance of the meeting and will include information about the child’s physical, emotional, intellectual development and well being as well as relevant family related issues. This information will be shared with the parents/carers.
19. Managing Allegations and Concerns Against Staff and Volunteers
19.1 The school follows the government guidance Keeping Children Safe in Education – July 2015 when dealing with allegations made against staff and volunteers.
19.2 All allegations made against a member of staff and volunteers, including contractors or security staff working on site, will be dealt with quickly and fairly and in a way that provides effective protection for the child while at the same time providing support for the person against whom the allegation is made.
20. Complaints or Concerns by Pupils, Staff or Volunteers
20.1 Any concern or expression of disquiet made by a child will be listened to seriously and acted upon as quickly as possible to safeguard his or her welfare.
20.2 We will make sure that the child or adult who has expressed the concern or made the complaint will be informed not only about the action to be taken but also where possible about the length of time required to resolve the complaint. We will endeavour to keep the child or adult informed about the progress of the complaint/expression of concern.
21. Serious Case Reviews
21.1 The Manchester Safeguarding Children Board will always undertake a serious case review when a child or young person dies (including death by suicide) and abuse or neglect is known or suspected to be a factor in their death. The purpose of the serious case review is to:
● Find out if there are any lessons to be learnt from the case about how local professionals and agencies work together to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and young people
● Identify what those lessons are, how they will be acted on and what is expected to change as a result of the serious case review.
● Improve inter-agency working to better safeguard and promote the welfare of children and young people
19.2 If required North Manchester Primary Federation will provide an individual management report for a serious case review and will cooperate fully with implementing outcomes of the review including reviewing policy, practice and procedures as required.
22.1 All visitors, including visiting speakers, are subject to the school’s safeguarding protocols while on site and will be supervised at all times.
23.1 North Manchester Primary Federation operates a responsible booking protocol and will carry out appropriate checks and will exercise due diligence to prevent an organisation or speaker from using the school’s facilities to disseminate extremist views or radicalise pupils or staff.
Further Information on Safeguarding and Safeguarding Policies can be found on
the MSCB Website at www.manchesterscb.org.uk
● Health and Safety
● Physical Interventions/Restraint (Team Teach framework)
● Sex and Relationships Education (Growing and Changing Policy)
● Equal Opportunities
● Behaviour Management including fixed and short term exclusions
● Educational Trips and Visits
● Special Educational Needs
● Intimate Care Policy
● Accessibility Plan
● Administration of Medicines
For further information, guidance and policies visit MSCB website @ www.mscb.org.uk):
● Managing Allegations and Concerns Against Staff and Volunteers
● Forced Marriage
● Domestic Abuse
● Missing from Home and Care
● Private Fostering
● Child Sexual Exploitation
● Guns and Gangs
● E-Safety Policy
● Safe Staffing and Recruitment
The following definitions are from Working Together to Safeguard Children (2015) and Keeping Children Safe in Education – September 2016.
The threshold that justifies compulsory intervention in family life and gives Local Authorities a duty to make enquiries to decide whether they should take action to safeguard or promote the welfare of a child who is suffering or likely to suffer significant harm.
Physical abuse may involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning, suffocating or otherwise causing physical harm to a child. Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates the symptoms of, or deliberately induces an illness in a child.